Top 10 reasons of hair fall and thinning of hair.
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Top 10 reasons of hair fall and thinning of hair.

Top 10 reasons of hair fall and thinning of hair.

Hair fall is also known as alopecia or baldness

 Hair grows every where on human body except palm of hands and soles of feet, Hair is made up of protein called keratin, that is produced in the hair follicles in the outer layer of the skin. As the follicles produces new hair old cells are being pushed out from the layer of the skin.

This is an very important thing to be noted and taken into consideration, which leads to a conclusion that oiling and washing of hair can help in reduction of hair fall up to an extent as the layer of dead cells are cleared every day and if possible oiling shall be done with virgin coconut oil and normal coconut oil for people having issues of dry scalp.

Some people even get worried after finding few strays of hair on hair comb, it is not necessary that it alarms you for hair fall. As Hair growth is almost 80-90 percent of the total volume on healthy scalp.

Hair fall is commonly found in men’s and women at different age due to various reason.

Hair fall can be stopped and reversed at stages if proper precautions and measures are taken.

Generally, a human being has 100k to 150k hair on the scalp, the daily count of hair fall varies but an average daily rate of hair fall is 100. This can be reversed or stopped at stages as mentioned in this post.

 

At any one time, about 90% of the hair on a person's scalp is growing. Each follicle has its own life cycle that can be influenced by age, disease, and a wide variety of other factors. This life cycle is divided into three phases:

 

  • Anagen -- active hair growth that lasts between two to six years
  • Catagen -- transitional hair growth that lasts two to three weeks
  • Telogen -- resting phase that lasts about two to three months; at the end of the resting phase the hair is shed and a new hair replaces it and the growing cycle starts again.

As people age, their rate of hair growth slows.

 

There are many types of hair loss:

 

  • Involutional alopecia is a natural condition in which the hair gradually thins with age. More hair follicles go into the resting phase, and the remaining hairs become shorter and fewer in number.

 

  • Androgenic alopecia is a genetic condition that can affect both men and women. Men with this condition, called male pattern baldness, can begin suffering hair loss as early as their teens or early 20s. It's characterized by a receding hairline and gradual disappearance of hair from the crown and frontal scalp. Women with this condition, called female pattern baldness, don't experience noticeable thinning until their 40s or later. Women experience a general thinning over the entire scalp, with the most extensive hair loss at the crown.

 

  • Alopecia areata often starts suddenly and causes patchy hair loss in children and young adults. This condition may result in complete baldness (alopecia totalis). But in about 90% of people with the condition, the hair returns within a few years.

 

  • Alopecia universalis causes all body hair to fall out, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, and pubic hair.

 

 

  • Trichotillomania, seen most frequently in children, is a psychological disorder in which a person pulls out one's own hair.
  • Telogen effluvium is temporary hair thinning over the scalp that occurs because of changes in the growth cycle of hair. A large number of hairs enter the resting phase at the same time, causing hair shedding and subsequent thinning.

 

  • Scarring alopecias result in permanent loss of hair. Inflammatory skin conditions (cellulitis, folliculitis, acne), and other skin disorders (such as some forms of lupus and lichen planus) often result in scars that destroy the ability of the hair to regenerate. Hot combs and hair too tightly woven and pulled can also result in permanent hair loss.

 

  • Hormones, such as abnormal levels of androgens (male hormones normally produced by both men and women)

 

  • Genes, from both male and female parents, may influence a person's predisposition to male or female pattern baldness.

 

 

  • Stress, illness, and child birth can cause temporary hair loss. Ringworm caused by a fungal infection can also cause hair loss.

 

  • Drugs, including chemotherapy drugs used in cancer treatment, blood thinner beta-adrenergic blockers used to control blood thinner which can cause hair loss.

 

 

  • Burns, injuries, and X-rays can cause temporary hair loss. In such cases, normal hair growth usually returns once the injury heals unless a scar is produced. Then, hair will never regrow.

 

  • Auto immune disease may cause alopecia areata. In alopecia areata, the immune system revs up for unknown reasons and affects the hair follicles. In most people with alopecia areata, the hair grows back, although it may temporarily be very fine and possibly a lighter color before normal coloration and thickness return.

 

 

  • Cosmetic procedures, such as shampooing too often, perms, bleaching, and dyeing hair can contribute to overall hair thinning by making hair weak and brittle. Tight braiding, using rollers or hot curlers, and running hair picks through tight curls can also damage and break hair. However, these procedures don't cause baldness. In most instances hair grows back normally if the source of the problem is removed. Still, severe damage to the hair or scalp sometimes causes permanent bald patches.

 

Medical conditions.

Thyroid, lupus, daibeties, iron deficiency, eating disorder and can cause hair loss. Most times, when the underlying condition is treated, the hair will return unless there is scarring as in some forms of lupus, lichen planus or follicular disorders.

 

Diet. A low-protien diet or severely calorie-restricted diet can also cause temporary hair loss.

 



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